Sex is an essential part of healthy relationships. However, there are a lot of consequences of unprotected sex like various sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and unwanted pregnancies. These outcomes can significantly spoil the pleasant impression of sex. That’s why we gathered these eight common contraception options you should know.
There are two types of condoms, male and female. Male condoms are more popular. They can provide a high percentage of protection from pregnancy and STDs. However, you should know that they can’t save you from infections and viruses (herpes and human papillomavirus) that are transmitted through skin-to-skin contact.
Female condoms are less effective and comfortable than male condoms. However, they can also protect a woman from Venereal diseases and pregnancy. Moreover, they can be used by people who are allergic to latex that is the most popular material for male condoms.
2. Birth control pills
Birth control pills are one of the most popular types of hormonal contraception. They are easy to use and have a lot of benefits for the woman’s body. Birth control pills surpass the ovulation that prevents conception. Moreover, a lack of ovulation results in less pain during periods. Birth control pills can also be prescribed for women that have hormonal imbalance or acne. However, you should understand that all types of contraception except condoms can’t provide protection against STDs.
Intrauterine device (IUD) is a special tool that is inserted into the uterus through the cervix in order to prevent conception. IUD can be hormonal and non-hormonal. Hormonal IUD release hormones that surpass ovulation like birth control pills. However, hormonal IUD can be more effective since you can’t forget to take a hormone dose. Non-hormonal IUS is most often made from plastic and copper. This copper part surpasses the sperm activity and doesn’t let them fertile the egg.
Contraceptive implant Nexplanon is a plastic device that contains hormones that prevent ovulation. Nexplanon is a flexible plastic stick that is inserted under the skin into the inner part of the upper arm. It can provide pregnancy prevention for three years. One of the most important advantages of this contraception options is that it can be easily replaced for a new implant or completely removed without any complications if the woman is going to get pregnant.
A birth control patch is a plastic square that releases hormones through the skin. Due to the principle of their work, such devices are also called transdermal patches. Patches are usually used for three weeks of wear and a week of break (usually, it’s menstruation time). It is a quite convenient contraception option. You can easily take a bath, swim, and exercise with the patch on your skin.
6. Birth control shot
Birth control shot is an injection that prevents egg release in women. It contains progestin that can be also found in most hormonal birth control. The shot provides its contraception effect for almost three months. Some women report that it is one of the most comfortable and safe contraception options available.
7. Vaginal ring
A vaginal ring is a small plastic ring that is placed into the vagina. It is also a hormonal type of contraception that contains progestin and estrogen. A vaginal ring can provide almost 99 percent protection against pregnancy. However, it has contraception properties only for a month. That’s why it is essential to replace it monthly in order to avoid pregnancy.
Spermicide is a chemical that surpasses the sperm activity and kills them. It is produced in many forms like tablets, cream, jelly, and foam. This can help you choose the most comfortable option. However, you should know that the irregular use of spermicides can’t provide complete protection. Spermicides are usually used as an additional contraceptive. For example, if you have just started hormonal contraception and it can’t guarantee pregnan